Foreign Exchange, Money Markets and Derivatives


08 - 11 Jul, 2024



Why Attend?

Foreign Exchange, Money Markets and Derivatives

course-obj_img Course Objectives

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    By the end of the course, participants will be able to:

    • Develop a deep understanding of the FX market, its mechanics and major participants
    • Analyze the role and impact of central banks on FX and money markets
    • Examine the nature of money supply, open market operations and quantitative easing
    • Demonstrate a thorough understanding of liquidity, capital adequacy and solvency
    • Apply analytical skills to key financial products within global money markets
    • Explain the logic and uses of financial derivatives – forwards, swaps and options
    • Develop an understanding of key strands of financial risk management

course-obj_img Target Audience

This course is suitable for all those working within the banking industry, including wealth managers, auditors, accountants, finance specialists, risk managers, and treasury and product control professionals.  It is also suitable for those working with financial services and in corporate finance positions.

  • Interface of money markets and foreign exchange (FX)
    • Size of the markets
    • Issuance of Treasury instruments, repos, and commercial paper
    • Overview of the Euromarkets
    • Legacy issues relating to London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR)
    • Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR), SONIA, ESTER
    • Treasury bill issuance in different jurisdictions
    • The mechanics of the Repo market
    • Forward rates for interest rate and FX
    • Effective yields when risk adjusted for FX exposures
    • Arbitrage and interest rate parity
    • Current market conditions
    • Risk premia, key money markets spreads and currency outlook
  • Role of central banks in the financial system
    • Overview of central banks
      • Federal Reserve
      • European Central Bank
      • People’s Bank of China
      • Bank of Japan
      • Bank of England
    • Structure of a central bank balance sheet
    • Characteristics of central bank’s assets and liabilities
    • Lender of last resort
    • Summary of Open Market Operations
    • Unorthodox monetary policy including quantitative easing (QE)
    • Independence of central banks
    • Financial stability and macro-prudential policy
    • Forward guidance and transparency of decision making
    • Management of FX reserves and exchange rate policy
    • Nature of payments systems – real-time gross settlement systems (RTGS), net settlement, Fedwire, Target2
  • Monetary policy and money supply
    • Overview of the policy committees
      • Federal Open Market Commmittee (FOMC)
      • Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England (MPC of BOE)
      • European Central Bank (ECB Governing Council)
      • The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) governance
    • Overview of money supply
    • Monetary tools and how they impact money supply
    • How is money created in a modern economy
    • Inflation targeting
    • Central bank reserves
    • Explanation of the Taylor rule
    • Term structure of interest rates
  • Foreign exchange market characteristics
    • Size of market, volumes, participants, major currency pairs
    • Regional breakdown of where and when most FX trading takes place
    • Key role of London market in FX trading
    • Historical background to today’s FX market
    • Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Special Drawing Rights (SDR’s)
    • Global FX reserves
    • Review of several key historical FX rates
    • Price of gold and relationship to the US Dollar index
  • Interest rate (IR) swaps
    • Basic structures and terminology of swaps
    • Business case for using IR swaps
    • Contrast money market rates and IR swap rates
    • Notion of swap as an aggregation of forward rate agreements
    • Pricing the fixed leg and interpreting the swap markets
    • Counter party risk
    • Recognition that credit valuation adjustment (CVA) is integral part of trading practices and pricing of derivatives and not just a regulatory (Basel) issue
    • Over-The-Counter (OTC) market versus Swap Execution Facilities (SEF’s)
    • Collateralized OTC trades versus margin based Central Clearing Party (CCP) platforms
    • Netting arrangements
  • Credit default swaps (CDS)
    • Terminology – protection buyer/seller, reference entity,
    • Naked CDS positions
    • Contrast between a CDS and a financial insurance contract
    • Equating actual and contingent payments
    • Inputs to model - default probabilities, loss given default (LGD), forward curve
    • Sovereign and corporate markets
    • Single name CDS versus basket products, nth to default structures
    • Determination of a credit event
    • Recent amendments to the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) protocols on determination of credit events
    • ISDA protocols
  • Using derivatives for general hedging purposes
    • Key concepts of hedging equity and fixed income risk with derivatives
    • Using index futures and options to hedge equity portfolio
    • Hedge ratio calculation for equity futures
    • Calculating portfolio beta
    • Options strategies
    • Using forwards to hedge forex risk
    • Using swaps to hedge credit risk
    • Using variance swaps to hedge volatility risk
  • Asset/liability management and the treasury function
    • Interest rate risks
    • Market risk i.e. re-valuation of bank holdings from changes in interest rates
    • Accounting issues related to fair value accounting
    • Duration gap analysis
    • Interest rate forecasting
    • Review of inflation protected securities
    • Estimating the Term Liquidity Premium in money markets
    • Funds Transfer Pricing (FTP) mechanics
    • Contingency buffers for liquidity risk management
    • Funding Value Adjustment (FVA)
    • Bank funding curves
    • Applying the correct FTP charges for strategic balance sheet management
  • The global regulatory framework
    • Overview of the Basel III framework
    • Key provisions of Basel III related to market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and operational risk
    • Pillars 2 and 3 of Basel accords and role of central banks as supervisors
    • Contrast macro-prudential policy initiatives with traditional micro-prudential
    • Pro-cyclical and counter-cyclical risk management
    • Dodd Frank Act and Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), Volcker rule
    • Regulatory investigations into market abuse
    • USA - the Federal Reserve, Treasury, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    • UK - Bank of England, Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA), Financial Conduct Authority
    • European Union – ECB, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA)
    • Trans national – Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Global Financial Stability Board etc.
    • Sarbanes-Oxley – risk disclosure, stringent accounting requirements, impact on IT policies
    • Volcker Rule – restrictions on activities/structure of banks

2024 - Course Type & Date

DATE: 08 - 11 Jul, 2024

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